Hebrews 8:10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:
11 And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest.
12 For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more.
13 In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away.
In verse 10 God gives further details of the new covenant that He will make with the house of Israel. This is a reference to their spiritual condition at the end of the Tribulation and as they enter the Millennium. There will be many Jews who will be killed by the anti-christ during the Tribulation. There will be the 144,000 virgin Jewish men who will be faithful preachers of the Gospel during the Tribulation. They will also be killed by the anti-christ. The two witnesses will be faithful preachers of the Gospel who will also have the power to do signs and wonders. They will be a real thorn in the side of the anti-christ and of the world in general. God will protect them until the mid point of the Tribulation and He will allow them to be killed. They will lay dead in the streets of Jerusalem for 3 days while the world celebrates their death. That shows us the depravity of man, in that they can celebrate the murder of individuals and just let them lie dead in the streets. What will shock the world is that after 3 days, God will raise up those two men with a public display and they will ascend up to heaven, out of the reach of the wicked people on earth. This will be somewhat unsettling for the people, but due to their hard-heartedness, they will plough through that and continue with their wicked scheme until the end of the Tribulation.
At the end of the Tribulation, when the Lord Jesus Christ returns to earth and has His victorious war with the anti-christ and the ungodly, the Jews that remain will acknowledge Him as their king and Messiah. They will mourn for Him Whom they have pierced, but Jesus Christ will forgive them and they will enter the Millennium rejoicing in His salvation. That is because God’s Word will be in their minds and also written in their hearts.
There are many today who have a knowledge of God in their minds. There are many religious people today who can talk about Jesus while they have their ungodly music playing in the background or they will unite with rank apostates. They have what the Bible calls a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof. Those who have the truth will depart from iniquity as we noted just a few days ago. When God’s Word is in the heart of the individual, it will effect godly changes in the life of the individual.
In the time of the Millennium, the true God will be the God of the Jews. They will not be crying out: “we have no king but Caesar.” They will acknowledge the true God and they will gladly serve Him because their hearts and their minds will be changed. What a great day that will be when the nation of Israel will be declared to be God’s people. There are individual Jews today that are saved. However, the majority of the Jews today are lost. They are still living in rejection of the true God. The nation of Israel is one of the leading nations in the promotion of the sodomite agenda. That is the sad reality of where they are at. Israel has also been the leading nation in the foolishness surrounding the Wuhan virus. They are on their fourth shots and they acknowledge they are not working, but they are still blindly following that path. They are weakening themselves as a nation as the adverse effects take hold of more and more of their people.
However, as our text tells us, the day is coming when they will be known as God’s people. That will be a great day!
It should be noted that in these verses God is continuing to quote from Jeremiah 31:31-34. God is giving us commentary on that which was first recorded by Jeremiah the prophet. As we have noted before, God is not changing things as He goes along. His plan is eternal and He prophesied these truths during the days of Jeremiah and is reminding the readers of them in the book of Hebrews.
Verse 11 tells us the love of God will be so prevalent in the hearts of the Jews during the Millennium, that they will all know Him. It will be a different time than what the Jews know now. The Jews will be given a taste of heaven on earth during that time and they will gladly receive that.
In verse 12 God promises that He will be merciful to them. Even though they have hated Him through the centuries, God does not hold grudges. He is willing to forgive and forget. He knows the frailty of man and He is not like man, in trying to get even. There is no getting even with God. He is always God and always greater than His creation.
The word translated as “merciful” is related to the word we have translated several times as “propitiation”. Jesus Christ, the Great High Priest took the curse of man upon Himself and He paid the price of the sin of the nation of Israel according to our context. He made it possible for God to be able to forgive those whose hearts and minds will be changed. He paid the complete debt that was owed to God. We know that debt has been paid for the Gentile world as well.
In verse 13 we are further reminded that the old covenant was about to be done away with. We have noted that when Jesus hung on the cross, the veil of the Temple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom. It was a work of God. That act did away with the requirement of the day of Atonement. Now, each person has access to the mercy seat. We no longer need an earthly priest. Shortly after the writing of this letter, the Temple in Jerusalem would be destroyed in 70 AD, and there would be no further opportunity to offer sacrifices. That need was removed as well when Jesus went to the cross as the “Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world”. We know that the apostle Paul still needed to deal with the Judaizers who wanted to enforce the old covenant, keeping the people under the yoke of bondage. They were wrong, but stubbornly trying to silence him. God did not allow that to happen, and eventually the Temple was destroyed and the Judaizers had no place to bring their sacrifices which God hated anyway. They were not keeping them in accordance with Old Testament law. They were keeping them in accordance with their own distorted laws.
To this day, the Jews have been busy preparing all the garments for the priests. They have been seeking out a red heifer that they can use to cleanse the Temple which the anti-christ will have built during the Tribulation time. The Jews are still persisting in that which has vanished away. This stubbornness that has occupied them for hundreds of years will be removed by Jesus Christ at the end of the Tribulation time and those who remain at the end of that time will be changed and will be blessed by receiving the mercy and grace of God. They will know the blessing that their forefathers could have known but rejected.
There is a lesson for us as Gentiles here as well. There is a blessing that God has in store for Gentiles today as well. The “good news” is that Jesus Christ is the Saviour for all of mankind. He is the One Who provides forgiveness of sins now for us and every individual can know God’s forgiveness if they will listen to God in their heart and conscience and through the preaching and teaching of His Word. There is a blessing to be had in resting in the Lord, rather than in fighting against the truth. We continue to pray for our government officials and for many others who are lost and fighting against the truth. We are also praying for the many who are fighting in the flesh for that which is only possible to those who turn to God in repentance and know His peace through the forgiveness of sin provided through faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.